INTRODUCTION

PERIODONTAL DISEASE


Periodontal disease affects more than 80% of Americans by the age of 45.

Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease include the following:

  • Tender, red or swollen gums that bleed easily, especially during brushing and flossing
  • Gums have begun to pull away from teeth
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Discharge between the teeth and gums
  • Loose, separating, or moving teeth
  • If you have experienced any of these symptoms we recommend a full periodontal evaluation with a periodontist.

Certain factors contribute to the progression of periodontal disease:

Links between certain conditions and periodontal disease progression have been found in various studies. Diabetes, heart disease, respiratory disease, osteoporosis, HIV, arthritis, numerous genetic inflammatory & immune disorders and other systemic factors may contribute to the severity of periodontal disease.

Tobacco use, certain medications, emotional stress and tooth grinding on infected teeth have been linked to the progression of periodontal disease.

Research suggests that the bacteria in saliva may be passed from person to person; therefore, people with family members who have periodontal infection may be at risk of contracting periodontal disease.

For further information on how periodontal disease affects overall health we suggest visiting the American Academy of Periodontology website. 

Non periodontal symptoms that periodontists treat:

  • Perception that teeth are too short or that one has a “gummy” smile.
  • Dental bridge or dentures may be unsatisfactory necessitating placement of dental implants.
  • Surgical therapy in conjunction with orthodontics such as frenectomy, gingivectomy, impacted tooth exposure and placement of orthodontic anchorage devices such as mini-screws.
  • Root coverage for recession areas

Gingivitis

Healthy Mouth

Periodontal Disease

Diagnosis

Periodontal disease is diagnosed by your dentist or dental hygienist during a periodontal examination.

Treatment

Scaling, root planing and bite adjustment can improve the health of tissue, often being curative themselves.

Prevention

Daily brushing and flossing removes plaque from teeth and gums and helps reduce tartar deposits.

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